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阅读理解
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阅读理解

Ⅰ.

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

A

Drier Wanted

Drive for busy restaurant some evening and

weekend work.

All meals are free.

Ring 33335678.

House for Sale

350. 000, built in 1995

    The house with 3 bedrooms, a bathroom, a

living room, a kitchen and a breakfast room. It’s on the south side of the city.

Yingbin Supermarket.

    The biggest shopping centre in our city will open on July 8th, 2014. Everybody with today’s Tianjin Daily will get a small present that day. You are welcome.

Tel, 27984321

Add. No. 6 Huanghe Road Tianjin Daily June 1.2014

Rose’s Special Concert

Time, 2 p. m..July 3. Saturday

Place, People’s Stadium

Ticket Price,

RMB, 150 Yuan for adults;

      70 Yuan for students

Date, June 25. 2014

1. If you buy the house, you______.

    A. have to take a bath in the public bathroom

    B. may pay more than ¥350.

    C. may live on the south side of the city

    D. must have breakfast in the kitchen

2. Any customer with a Tianjin Daily of June 1st, 2014 will get a small present from_______.

    A. Tianjin Daily                            B. Huanghe Road

    C. every supermarket                        D. Yingbin Supermarket

3. If two adults and two students want to go to the concert, the tickets will cost  RMB__________.

    A. 220 yuan      B. 270 yuan       C.370 yuan        D.44学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!0 yuan

B

    When I was a child. I often dreamed of the time when I could leave home and escape to the city. We lived on a farm and, in the winter especially, we were quite cut off from the outside world. As soon as I left school, I packed my bags and moved to the capital. However, I soon discovered that city life has its problems too.

    One big disadvantage is money—it costs so much to go out, not to mention basics like food and housing. Another disadvantage is pollution. I suffer from asthma(哮喘),and at times the air is so bad that I am afraid to go outside. Then there is the problem of traveling round. Although I have a car, I seldom use it because of the traffic jams. One choice is to go by bicycle, but that can be quite dangerous. Of course there are advantages. First, there is so much to do in the city, whatever your tastes in culture or entertainment(娱乐活动). Besides, there are wonderful jobs and greater chances of moving to a more important job or position. Finally, if you like shopping, the variety of goods is very surprising-and. what is more shops are often only a short walk away.

Is life better than in the city? Perhaps it is when you are in your teens or twenties. However, as you get older, and especially if you have small children, the peace of the countryside may seem preferable. I certainly hope to move back there soon.

4. The writer was always thinking about ______ when he was a child.

    A. staying on the farm                  学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!    B. leaving home for the city

    C. moving to the countryside                D. running away from the school

5. What can we learn about the writer from the passage?______.

    A. He lives in the city now.                B. He prefers driving a car.

    C. He is in good health.                   D. He is very old now.

6. In the passage. the writer tries to________.

    A. describe his life in the countryside

    B. show an interest in the outside world

    C. persuade the reader to live in the city

    D. express his opinions about way of life

7. How is the passage mainly developed?______.

    A. By giving explanations.                      B. By listing examples.

    C. By comparing.                             D. By inferring.

C

    More than half of teachers in a UK survey said they thought plagiarism from the Internet is a problem.

    Some students who steal essays wholesale from the Web. they said, are so lazy they don’t even bother to take the ads off the cut-and-pasted text. 58 percent of the teachers interviewed in the Association of Teachers and Lecturers(ATL学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!) questionnaire had come across plagiarism among their pupils. Gill Bullen from Itchen College in Southampton. for example, said pieces handed in by two students were identical(同一的)and “significantly better than either of them could have done.” Not only that, the essays given in didn’t quite answer the title question I had set.”A teacher from Leeds said. "I had one piece of work so obviously ‘cut and pasted’ that it still contained ads from the Web page.”Connie Robinson from Stockton Riverside College. Stockton. said. "With less able students it is easy to spot plagiarism as the writing style changes mid-assignment, but with more able students it is sometimes necessary for tutors to carry out Internet research to identify the source of the plagiarism.”

    Mary Bousted, general secretary of the ATL, said. "Teachers are struggling under a mountain of cut-and-pasting to spot whether work was the student’s own or plagiarism.”She called for strong policies to combat plagiarism, and asked for help from exam boards and the government in providing resources and techniques to detect cheats.

8. What does the underlined word "plagiarism" in Paragraph 1 probably mean?______.

    A. making quotations                 B. stealing others’ works or ideas

    C. cutting and pasting on the Internet     D. surfing the Internet for information

9. According to Paragraph 2. some students are so lazy that they don’t_______.

    A. bother to remove the ads

    B. want to steal the whole essay

    C. check the mistakes on the Internet

    D. bother to do the work of cutting and pasting

10. According to Mary Bousted. we can learn that________.

    A. the government doesn’t fulfill its duty to stop plagiarism

    B. it’s very easy for teachers to spot plagiarism

C. plagiarism causes the teachers great trouble

    D. only the government can find cheats

11. What can be the best title for the passage?______.

    A. UK Students Are Lazy

    B. Punish Plagiarism from the Internet

    C. Internet Plagiarism-a Problem in UK

    D. Hard to Prevent Plagiarism from the Internet

D

    Music was a constant presence in my childhood home: Sunday lunches, housework. homework. an学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!d afternoons in the garden. It was a rush of Van Morrison. Supertramp. Kate Bush and so on, and all three of us could sing their songs.

    Some moments seem scored on my memory: my dad playing Sixteen Candles on my birthday. a school morning with my mum as she played Phil Collins’s No Jacket Required. And when I stop to consider it now. I see how much music has shaped and strengthened my relationship with my parents.

    I often think it was my mum who gave me lyrics(歌词):a delight in the sound, color and weight of word-, My dad gave me music: jazz, blues and rock. He would take me to record markets, where I would stand quietly among the rows and listen to the beautiful music. He would make me CDs. send me messages about his latest favorite music. and greet my return home saying. "Have you heard the new Kanye. Jane?"

    My dad and I are still talking about music. When I went home recently, we sat at the kitchen tab学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!le having supper while he explained what he loved about music. And when my parents went to see Bon Iver play in Manchester this autumn, he emailed me the following morning to express his feelings about the show.

    It was my mum who introduced my dad to music: some time around 1970 she bought a CD in Manchester and forced him to listen to it. Even since, music has been a support in our family.

12. The purpose of Paragraph 1 is to show______.

    A. the influence of a happy family

    B. the author’s family liked music

    C. the importance of good music

    D. the author was fond of music

13. In the author’s opinion. music plays an important role in____学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!__.

    A. making her life more interesting

    B. supporting her family in trouble

    C. reminding her family of old memories

    D. keeping a strong bond between her family

14. What did the author’s father do after seeing lion Iver’s performance?

    A. He sent the author lyrics.

    B. He made the author CDs.[

    C. He introduced the author to it.

    D. He told the author his opinions

15. From the passag学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!e, we can learn that______.

    A. the author’s mum played a very important role in making the author and her dad

        interested in music

B. music is more important than his homework in the author’s childhood

    C. the author’s dad played Sixteen Candles on all the author’s birthdays

    D. the author’s father didn’t like music at all

【答案】

1—5CDDBA  6—10 DCBAC  11—15 CBDDA

 

 

.

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

A

The Official SAT Study Guide: Second Edition

Product Details:

Paperbacks997 pages

Publisher: The College Board

Publication date: July 21, 2009

Edition description: Second Edition

Book Description

The Official SAT Study Guide; Second Edition features 10 official SAT practice tests created by the test maker. With about 1,000 pages and more than 20 chapters, it’s packed with the most up-to-date information that students need to get ready for the test.

Students will gain valuable experience and raise their confidence by taking practice tests, and by reviewing critical concepts, test-taking approaches, and focused sets of practice questions just like those on the actual SAT.

The Official SAT Study Guide: Second Edition will help students get ready for the SAT with;

—10 official SAT practice tests, including 3 new recent exams

—detailed descriptions of math, critical reading, and writing sections of the SAT

—targeted practice questions for each SAT question type

—practice essay questions, along with sample essays and notes

—a review of math concepts tested in the exam

—test-taking approaches and suggestions that underscore important points

—free online score reports

—easy access to online answers and explanations at collegeboard.org

—$ 10 discount on the book The Official SAT Online Course to all book owners

There’s also a complete chapter on the PSAT/NMSQT.

Editorial Reviews:

This is the only book I recommend with complete confidence to anyone preparing for the SAT.... The College Board has provided a real service to students, parents, and educators.

About the Author:

The College Board, a nonprofit association, connects students to college success and opportunity through major programs and services in college admissions, guidance, assessment, financial aid, enrollment, and teaching and learning. Among its best-known programs are the SAT, the PSAT/ NMSQT, and the Advanced Placement Program. Students, parents, educators, and librarians recognize the College Board as a source of help on SAT preparation, college admissions, and financial aid.

1. What’s the main purpose of The Official SAT Study Guide: Second Edition?______.

A. To give an introduction to the SAT.

B. To help students to prepare for the SAT.

C. To list some education institutes for the SAT.

D. To encourage more students to take the SAT.

2. If you buy a copy of The Official SAT Study Guide; Second Edition, you can______.

A. get 10 new recent tests                       B. learn some test-taking methods

C. receive a gift from the College Board  D. enjoy a discount on SAT online course

3. The author of The Official SAT Study Guide: Second Edition is______.

A. a well-known organization                 B. an experienced teacher

C. a famous college                                D. an excellent student

4. Which of the following is TRUE about The Official SAT Study Guide: Second Edition?______.

A. There are no sample essays in the book.

B. It has received negative opinions from reviewers.

C. The first edition was published on July 21, 2009.

D. It also includes something about the PSAT/NMSQT.

B

When viewed from the Schuylkill Expressway in Philadelphia, St. John’s Church presents a picture of dignity and grace. This gray-stoned beauty surrounded by a park made a wonderful setting for the wedding my wife and I attended in Manayunk.

At the church, I ran into an old friend? Casper Barrata, who happened to be assigned to the Mass (弥撒). Now 73, Casper was a brilliant and talented softball pitcher (投手) back in the Men’s Leagues of Philadelphia in the mid-60s. I didn’t recognize the now silver-haired fellow until my brother-in-law John Kay mentioned his name to me! After a very pleasant greeting and praising each other on how good the other was at playing the game back then, Casper asked if I remembered a letter of encouragement I had written to him back in 1964. It appeared that Casper fell on hard times pitching, as pitchers sometimes do, and he wasn’1 pitching too well for a period of time. I didn’t recall the letter, but he said, “Yes, I still have it, and I continue to read it anytime things aren’t going too well.” He went on to say that he had read the letter many times over the past 40 years, and the situation always seemed to improve. I was speechless!

He continued, “You don’t remember?” I said, “Sadly, no, I don’t.” But I did ask if I could have a copy of the letter. He said he would email it to me. After Casper finished work at Murphy’s wedding, we met on the steps of the church. Casper came up to me and presented the letter. He lived a block away from the church and ran home to get it after the Mass. The envelope had faded and turned yellow, and so was the letter inside. That letter had to be nearly 50 years old. In simple terms, the letter read:

These hard times are temporary: Maintain your passion for the game. Never quit and you 911 be back on top again shortly. Hang in there!

Casper Barrata once again became the best pitcher in the League and remained to be a thorn in our team’s side every time he pitched against us.

5. Why did the author go to the church?______

A. To get married.                                 B. To hold a wedding.

C. To attend a wedding.                          D. To meet his friend Casper Barrata.

6. What can be inferred from the text?______

A. The author once fell on hard times pitching.

B. The author once often worked for the Mass.

C. The author once was good at playing softball.

D. The author once taught Casper to play softball.

7. What does the underlined sentence show in Paragraph 2?______

A. The author was moved by Casper.              B. The author wasn’t good at speaking.

C. The author admired Casper too much.  D. The author didn’t recall the letter at all.

8. Why did Casper keep the letter for decades?______

A. The letter was sent by his best friend.

B. The letter inspired him in his sport career.

C. The letter was written by a softball pitcher.

D. The letter helped him recall something in the past.

C

Owls are equipped with highly developed stealth technology (隐形技术) that helps them charge towards prey—an animal hunted and eaten by another—undetected, a study has shown.

Owls have flight feathers that absorb aerodynamic sound and control the vibrations (振动) that occur when a bird beats its wings. The result is perfect silence as it approaches a mouse or other prey.

Scientists used lasers and high-speed cameras to analyze and compare long-eared owl, eagle and pigeon feathers during flight. While differing in size, all three birds have a similar wing-beat style.

Professor Jinkui Chu led the research. He said, “Many owls have a unique and fascinating ability to fly so silently that they are out of their prey’s hearing range, due to their feather structure.”

This behaviour has long been of interest to engineers, as we seek to apply the owls’ noise-reduction mechanisms (机制) to other purposes and situations that benefit society.

Now, however, we know the owls’ silent flight ability is even better than we thought. Of all birds the owl is the king of acoustic stealth. It not only manages to prevent aerodynamic noise when gliding, but also mechanical noise caused by vibration during flying.

This is remarkable, considering the sudden jumping, bending and twisting the wings are subjected to when flapping and the noise that is created by other birds.

In the scientific world, the process used to remove this mechanical noise is called ‘damping’, which means the removal of mechanical energy from a vibrating system usually by changing     it   into heat and allowing it to remain steady.

“Our research showed the long-eared owl has superior damping skill, meaning it can remain amazingly stable and remove mechanical noise caused by the movement of its feathers — quite an impressive achievement of engineering.99

He added, “This study will hopefully provide further insight into the owls’ silent flight mechanism and help engineers develop ideas for special materials or structures, such as on-shore wind turbines, where similar noise removal can be applied.”

9. What can be true about owls according to the text?______.

A. They are active during the day.           B. They attract much attention from engineers.

C. They have similar wings to eagles.       D. They beat wings without vibrations.

10. By saying “the owl is the king of acoustic stealth” in Paragraph 6, Jinkui Chu means owls______.

A. are good at capturing prey                  B. have a good sense of hearing

C. are good at jumping and twisting         D. have silent flight ability

11. What does the underlined word “it” in Paragraph 8 refer to?______.

A. Mechanical noise.                              B. The vibrating system.

C. Mechanical energy.                                   D. The removal of mechanical energy.

D

If only things were that simple. Supporters of the so-called Stone Age diet argue that farming practices introduced about 10,000 years ago are harmful to human health, and that we shouldn’t eat grains or food made from milk such as butter and cheese. Instead, they say, we should only eat plenty of lean meat (瘦肉) and fish, with fruit and raw vegetables on the side.

The idea, also called the caveman, or hunter-gatherer diet, has been around for decades and was discussed at a meeting of the British Society for Allergy, Environmental and Nutritional Medicine.

According to Lauren Cordain, a nutritionist at Colorado State University who presented the idea to the meeting, those following the meat-centered menu “lose weight and get healthy by eating the food you were designed to eat”. He says there is increasing evidence that a caveman diet can prevent and treat many common western diseases. Studies of islanders in Papua New Guinea who still live a hunter-gatherer lifestyle show they rarely suffer from heart disease.

But other nutritionists argue that cutting out whole food groups such as grains is just not a good idea.

“I would recommend anybody to eat lean meat and raw vegetables,” says Toni Steer of the MRC human nutrition research unit at Cambridge. But what you’re asking people to do is cut out a food group which is good for your health.

Archaeologists say it’s not even clear exactly how much of the various foods people actually ate during the Stone Age.

“There was no one Stone Age diet; diets of the past varied greatly,” says John Gowlett, an archaeologist at the University of Liverpool who also attended the conference. Prehistoric people in Africa probably ate less meat than many people think, he says, while those in the northern, icy areas were forced to eat only whatever animals they could catch.

“I’m not convinced that we know what Stone Age man ate,” agrees Andre Millard, who researches ancient health and diet at Durham University. “The evidence we have only suggests the meat component of the diet. We get bones from animals they have eaten but we don’t get the remains of any vegetables they have eaten because they rot (腐烂) away.

12. To improve your health, Cordain suggests______.

A. losing weight first                                    B. eating less meat and fish

C. going on the Stone Age diet                       D. eating more fruit and vegetables

13. What is Steer’s attitude towards eating grains?______

A. Doubtful.             B. Cautious.                 C. Tolerant.           D. Supportive.

14. In Millard’s opinion, the evidence for the Stone Age diet______.

A. shows nothing about the diet’s vegetable component

B. tells us about ancient people’s cooking methods

C. has proven to be reliable and convincing     D. agrees with his research results

15. What does the text mainly discuss?______

A. How the Stone Age evolved.                      B. When the Stone Age diet started.

C. Whether the Stone Age diet is healthy.        D. Why the Stone Age topic is getting popular.

【答案】

1—5 BBADC  6—10 CDBBD    11—15 CCDAC

 

 

Ⅲ.

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

A

Welcome to The Metropolitan Museum of Art

The Met, which is short for The Metropolitan Museum of Art, presents over 5,000 years of art from around the world for everyone to experience and enjoy. Millions of people take part in The Met experience online or offline.

Since it was founded in 1870, The Met has always tried to be more than a storeroom of rare and beautiful objects. Every day  art comes alive in the Museum’s galleries and through its exhibitions and events, revealing both new ideas and unexpected connections across time and across cultures.

Notes:

I. How can I obtain permission to film or photograph at The Metropolitan Museum of Art? Please email a detailed request to communicatiom@nietmuseum.org.

II. How can I obtain suitable images to reproduce in a magazine, newspaper, or website? To view and request press images for the Museum’s current and upcoming exhibitions and news stories about the Met, please sign in or register for a press account in the Press Images section of the online Press Room.

III. All other image requests should be directed to Art Resource through its website (http://www.artres. com), by telephone at 212-505-8700, or email at requests@artres.com. You may also submit your request using the Image Request Form available on the Met’s website.

IV. If you have any other questions, please contact the Museum’s Digital Department:

Digital Department

The Metropolitan Museum of Art

1000 Fifth Avenue

New York, New York 10028-0198

Telephone: 212-650-2550

Email: prtvacypolicy@metmuseum.org

1. What type of writing is this text?______

A. A business guide.    B. An art survey.

C. A research report.    D. An advertisement.

2. What can we learn about the Met from the text?______

A. The Met has a history of 5,000 years.

B. People started to visit the Met online to buy objects.

C. The Met stops collecting arts right now.

D. People cannot take a photo without the permission of the Met.

3. What should you do if you want to have images used for a magazine?______

A. Email to communications@metmuseum.org.

B. Telephone at 212-505-8700.

C. Write an application at the online Press Room.

D. Contact the Museum’s Digital Department.

B

Volunteering Is Fun

One afternoon I was sitting at home feeling so bored. Instead of feeling sorry for myself, I wanted to meet people and have new experiences so I decided to start volunteering. I searched on my computer and found a website where I could volunteer on a farm in France.

My time working on a farm was a new experience for me. It was basically a free holiday as food and accommodation were provided. However, it was not your typical holiday as I had to look after fifteen horses and sleep at the top of a tower in a castle! I was an awful farmer but it did not matter because I made some great friends.

However, you do not need to go abroad to volunteer. I have had plenty of adventures at home as volunteering can become a hobby. For example, I love singing so I had a good laugh waving my arms in an attempt to conduct my local choir. I did slowly improve and it felt great to conduct the choir in a concert. At university, I organized a concert for charity with my friends. It was really fun finding hands and raising money for a cause we believe in.

It is true that you feel good volunteering but there are also other advantages. I once volunteered as a server at a charity sports event where the organizers gave me cupcakes to thank me for my services. I also volunteered in a charity shop so I found loads of nice cheap clothes to update my wardrobe (衣柜).

While this is all fun, my favourite aspect of volunteering is creating and sharing stories. My terrible attempts at farming have given me hilarious stories to tell! Talking to volunteers from different countries and backgrounds has also helped me learn more about the world. I feel thankful to have had so much fun with many nice people thanks to volunteering.

4. Why did the author want to be a volunteer?______

A. He wanted to go abroad.

B. He felt ashamed of himself.

C. He wanted to taste new life and make friends.

D. He wanted to be a farmer.

5. The underlined word “hilarious” in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to “       ” .

A. sad    B. critical  C. awful    D. funny

6. The author did many volunteering work except         .

A. taking care of horses and sheep    B. conducting a choir in a concert

C. helping in a charity sports event    D. helping in a charity shop

7. How does the author feel according to the last paragraph?______

A. Curious.    B. Anxious.  C. Cautious.    D. Grateful.

C

The world’s first “Sky Pool” has been uncoated and it’ll give anyone a touch of dizziness, unless he or she is not bothered by heights.

Situated in the capital’s new riverside district beside Battersea Power Station, the glass pool, hanging 10 storeys, or 110 feet up as a bridge between two apartment buildings, is 25m long, 5m wide and 3m deep with a water depth of 1. 2m. Swimmers will be able to look down 35 meters to the street below as they take a dip, with only 20cm of glass between them and the outside world It’s even got a bar, folding chairs and an orange garden.

The pool will be part of Embassy Gardens at Nine Elms, a huge billion building project beside the new American Embassy in south-west London. The project is creating thou-sands of apartments, the smallest of which are expected to cost nearly $ 1 million, and the pool will only be open to the apartments’ owners.

Embassy Gardens takes design inspiration from the Meatpacking District of New York with floor to ceiling windows and brick frontages. The designer, Sean Mulryan, desired to push the boundaries in the capability of construction and engineering and do something that had never been done before. The Sky Pool’s transparent structure is the result of significant advancements in technologies over the last decade.

The experience of the pool will be truly unique and it will feel like floating through the air in central London.

Those people lucky enough to swim there will have a faultless view of the Palace of West-minster and the London Eye. It will be a selling point for developers when the second stage of the development is released to market.

8. Who can swim in the Sky Pool?______

A. Anyone at Nine Elms.    B. Visitors to London.

C. People living in Embassy Gardens.    D. Those who are not terrified of heights.

9. People lucky enough to swim in the Sky Pool can do the following except _____.

A. drinking with friends    B. sitting in the orange garden

C. appreciating the London Eye    D. experiencing diving and surfing

10. What do we know from the text?______

A. The pool is 25 metres above the ground.

B. The pool was similar to New York’s modern constructions.

C. The pool lies in the centre of London.

D. The pool is helpful for selling apartments in Embassy Gardens.

11. We can infer from the text that           .

A. The apartments of Embassy Garden are fairly expensive

B. the new American Embassy has been moved away

C. Nine Elms is a street in Embassy Gardens

D. building the pool is not a complex job

D

Every day, people come into contact with thousands of chemicals. These chemicals are said to be harmless to human health. In fact,the chemicals are considered so safe that we wash with them. We put them on our bodies and even our faces. Other chemical products are used throughout our homes.

By the time you walk out of your front door, you have already been exposed to thousands of chemicals.

On its own, each chemical seems harmless. But in combination with other chemicals, they may become deadly. That is the finding of a two-year study by a high-profile task force of scientists. The task force was told to investigate the cancer-causing possibility of chemical mixtures.

Linda Gulliver was one of 174 scientists on the task force. Their job was to study the cancer-causing potential of 85 chemicals. All 85 are said to be common in the environment.

Ms. Gulliver explains that chemicals have the potential or y to form dangerous mixtures. Even simple minerals can become dangerous when mixed with chemicals found in plastics or beauty products.

Working in groups, the scientists explored how different chemical mixtures could lead to cancer. Ms. Gulliver’s team looked at the ability of different combinations to support the in- crease of malignant (恶性的) human cells.

She says the current way to identify whether chemicals cause cancer is to test them one at a time. This method leads, she adds, to a long list of supposedly “safe” chemicals. She and her team say that approach needs to change.

“We definitely need certain research… to find out what mixtures of chemicals would be more harmful than others; what groups of chemicals, when together, would produce more harmful effects. And at the moment, that is not known.”

An estimated one in five cancers has been linked to chemical exposure. It may turn out that the cancer-causing villain (恶棍) is not a single chemical at all.

12. What effect may one single chemical have on us according to the text?______

A. It may let us suffer from cancer.

B. It may not cause danger to us.

C. It may destroy our body.

D. It may let our body make a change.

13. What can we learn about Ms. Gulliver’s research?______

A. She has found reasons for five kinds of cancers.

B. She has found that only one chemical can cause cancer.

C. She has found 85 cancer-causing chemicals.

D. She is not sure what mixtures of chemicals are more harmful.

14. According to the text» we can infer that the study             .

A. is just wasting time and money

B. is in need of great efforts

C. will cause panic in public

D. will be resisted by the public

15. What is the best title for the text?______

A. Mixtures of Safe Chemicals May Cause Cancer

B. Being Exposed to One Chemical Is Dangerous

C. How Mixtures of Safe Chemicals Come into Being?

D. What Is the Real Cause for Cancer?

【答案】

1—5 DDCCD  6—10  ADCDD  11—15ABDBA

 

.

 

阅读下面短文,从各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

New Annotated Sherlock Holmes by Arthur Conan Doyle

Price: £28. 00

Publication Date: 30/11/2006

Publisher’s description

Collects Doyle’s fifty-six classic short stories, arranged in the order in which they appeared in late nineteenth and early twentieth-century book editions, in a set complemented by four novels, editor biographies of Doyle, Holmes, and Watson as well as literary and cultural details about Victorian society.

Breaking Ground by Daniel Libeskind

Price: £16.00

Publication Date: 11/10/2006

Brief introduction

This is a book about the adventure life that can offer each of us if we seize it, and about the powerful forces of tragedy, memory and hope. For Daniel Libeskind, life’s adventure has been through architecture, which he has found has the power to reshape human experience. Although often relating to the past, his buildings are about the future. This memoir(自传)of one man’s journey brings together history, personal experience, our physical environment and a fresh international vision.

In the Shadow of No Towers by Art Spiegelman

Price:£16.00

Publication Date: 02/09/2006

Brief introduction

On 11th September 2001, Art Spiegelman raced to the World Trade Center, not knowing if his daughter Nadja was alive or dead. Once she was found safe -- in her school at the foot of the burning towers -- he returned home, to meditate(反省)on the trauma(创伤), and to work on a comic strip(连环漫画). In the Shadow of No Towers is New Yorker Art Spiegelman’s extraordinary account of “the hijacking on 9.11 and the following hijacking of those events” by America.

Light on Snow by Anita Shreve

Price: £14.00

Publication Date: 07/10/2006

Publisher’s description

This is the 11th novel by Anita Shreve, the critically accepted bestseller. A moving story of love and courage and tragedy and of the ways in which the human heart always seeks to heal itself.

1. Who is the writer of the book latest published among the four books?______

A. Arthur Conan Doyle.    B. Daniel Libeskind.

C. Art Spiegelman.    D. Anita Shreve.

2. If one would like to know something about the descriptions of the hijacking on 11th September,2001 , he or she may read ______.

A. Light on Snow    B. In the Shadow of No Towers

C. Breaking Ground    D. New Annotated Sherlock Holmes

3. Of the four books listed above, there are two referring to tragedies. They are ______..

A. Light on Snow & Breaking Ground

B. In the Shadow of No Towers & Breaking Ground

C. Light on Snow & In the Shadow of No Towers

D. New Annotated Sherlock Holmes & In the Shadow of No Towers

B

Many people write to newspaper and magazines to express their opinions. Letters to the editor must carry the writer’s full name, address and telephone number, although the information is not necessary for publication. This requirement to provide personal particulars is a clear indication that writers are held responsible for what they say. When a writer wants his voice heard, he needs to claim ownership of his voice. Responsibility is the name of the game.

“People today prefer living together to putting their signatures on a marriage certificate because they refuse to accept responsibility for the relationship,” said social worker Ken Yip, “and this is what is causing a lot of family problems.” When we sign a paper, for example, a business contract or a bank document, the signature is a seal of consent, an agreement to take the matter seriously. Most governments and many organizations will not process written complaints if they do not bear the writer’s signature. The absence of a signature, they explain, tells us that the writer cannot be too serious and therefore does not deserve a reply.

There are people who wish to remain anonymous(匿名的)for various reasons. M学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材以及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!ulti-billionaire Mr. King donates generously to charity several times a year. He gives simply because he wants to help but not for the publicity his donations may bring, and he does not want his good deeds to make news. In other cases, people insist on anonymity because they are afraid of the consequences of revealing their identity. Crime witnesses may be willing to assist the police, but most are unwilling to give their names when reporting a crime.

Name or no name? The answer is very personal and lies in how much we want to get involved. We all have a name. It is a matter of responsibility to use it when we make a statement, a claim or an accusation. We all want to honour our own name, and it is only by stamping our expression of an opinion with our own name that we honour what we say.

4. What does the writer mean by saying “Responsibility is the name of the game”?______

A. Writers need to provide their personal information in the game.

B. Publication must bear the writer’s full name, address and phone number.

C. Writers should be responsible for their names.

D. Names are required to indicate writers’ responsibility for what they say.

5. The second paragraph suggests that a paper without a signature may _______.

A. help to end a relationship    B. not get a reply

C. be accepted all the same    D. become a family problem

6. Some people don’t want their names known because they are ________.

A. hesitant to make a donation    B. unwilling to draw public attention

C. afraid of an accusation    D. ready for involvement

7. The passage is mainly about _______.

A. honour and writers    B. identity and signature

C. signature and responsibility    D. anonymity and signature

C

When I first got an e-mail account ten years ago, I received communications only from family, friends, and colleagues. Now it seems that every time I check my e-mail, I have an endless series of advertisements and other correspondence that do not interest me at all. If we want e-mail to continue to be useful, we need specific laws that make spamming(发送垃圾邮件) a crime.

If lawmakers do not do something soon to prohibit spam, the problem will certainly get much worse. Computer programs allow spammers to send hundreds of millions of e-mails almost instantly. As more and more advertisers turn to spam to sell their products, individual e-mail boxes are often flooded with spam e-mails. Would people continue to use e-mail if they had to deal with an annoying amount of spam each time?

This problem is troubling for individuals and companies as well. Many spam e-mails contain computer viruses that can shut down the entire network of a company. Companies rely on e-mail for their employees to communicate with each other. Spam frequently causes failures in their local communications networks, and their employees are thus unable to communicate effectively. Such a situation results in a loss of productivity and requires companies to repeatedly repair their networks. These computer problems raise production costs of companies, which are, in the end, passes on to the consumer.

For these reasons, I believe that lawmakers need to legislate (立法) against spam. Spammers should be fined, and perhaps sent to prison if they continue to disturb people. E-mail is a tool which helps people all over the world to communicate conveniently, but spam is destroying this convenience.

8. What does the underlined word “correspondence” in Paragraph 1 probably mean?______.

A. messages    B. ideas

C. connections    D. programs

9. According to the text, what is the major cause of the flooding spam?______

A. Companies rely on e-mail for communications.

B. More people in the world communicate by e-mail.

C. Many computer viruses contain spam e-mail.

D. More advertisers begin to promote sales through spam.

10. According to the author, who is the final victim of spam?______.

A. The business    B. The advertiser

C. The employee    D. The consumer

11. What is the purpose of the text?______.

A. To inform    B. To educate

C. To persuade    D. To instruct

D

When students and parents are asked to rate subjects according to their importance,the arts are unavoidably at the bottom of the list. Music is nice , people seem to say , but not important. Too often it is viewed as entertainment, but certainly not an education priority(优先).This view is shortsighted. In fact, music education is beneficial and important for all students

Music tells us who we are. Because music is an expression of the beings who create it, it reflects their thinking and values, as well as the social environment it came from. Rock music represents a lifestyle just as surely as does a Schubert song. The jazz influence that George Gershwin and other musicians introduced into their music is obviously American because it came from American musical traditions. Music expresses our character and values .It gives us identity as a society.

Music provides a kind of perception(视角)that cannot be acquired any other way. Science can explain how the sun rises and sets .The arts explore the emotive(情感的)meaning of the same phenomenon. We need every possible way to discover and respond to our world for one simple but powerful reason: No one way can get it all.

The arts are forms of thought as powerful in what they communicate as mathematical and scientific symbols. They are ways we human beings “talk” to each other. They are the language of civilization through which we express our fears, our curiosities our hungers, our discoveries, our hopes .The arts are ways we give form to our ideas and imagination so that they can be shared with others. When we do not give children access to an important way of expressing themselves such as music, we take away from them the meanings that music expresses.

So music education is far more necessary than people seem to realize.

12. According to paragraph 1, students_______.

A. regard music as a way of entertainment

B. disagree with their parents on education

C. view music as an overlooked subject

D. prefer the arts to science

13. In Paragraph 2, the author uses jazz as an example to   ______. 

A. compare it with rock music

B. show music identifies a society

C. introduce American musical traditions

D. prove music influences people’s lifestyles

14. According to the passage , the arts and science ______.      .

A. approach the world from different angles

B. explore different phenomena of the world

C. express people’s feeling in different ways

D. explain what it means to be human differently

15. What is the main idea of the passage?______

A. Music education deserves more attention.

B. Music should be of top education priority.

C. Music is an effective communication tool.

D. Music education makes students more imaginative.

【答案】       

1—5ABADB            6—10 BCADD           11—15CABA A

 

 

 

Ⅴ.

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和D)中,选出最佳选项。

A

TEENSGIVING is an exciting yearly event where hundreds of New York City teens gather together annually for a remarkable day of community service. This year, TEENSGIVING in SPRING 2016 participants will once again better New York City and influence thousands of lives!

When is TEENSGIVING in SPRING 2016?

Sunday, April 20, 2016

Where is TEENSGIVING?

All over New York City. Everyone will meet at the 92nd Street Y(92nd and Lexington) at 9:00 AM for the event kick-off. Then, all TEENSGIVING volunteers will go across the city to work with our partnering agencies where they will make a HUGE difference and have fun!

Who participates in TEENSGIVING?

Hundreds of teenagers from around the city. Teens come from the 92nd Street Y, various city schools, youth groups, and organizations in the area. In addition, many adult volunteers (aged 21 and older) will donate their time to TEENSGIVING in SPRING 2016.

What projects do participants do at the agencies?

Sample projects include painting park benches, planting gardens, visiting and playing with poor and disabled children, assisting at animal shelters, working at soup kitchens, delivering meals and celebrating with families at homeless shelters.

Do I get anything for participating in TEENSGIVING?

Yes! Everybody benefits! Teen volunteers will receive "6 hours" of community service credit, good towards honor society, high school graduation and college application requirements. Adult volunteers will be thanked with a light breakfast, a gift certificate for their troubles, and the satisfaction of helping our city’s youth contribute to their community. In addition, all teen and adult volunteers will receive a cool TEENSGIVING in SPRING 2016 T-shirt.

This sounds awesome! How do I register for TEENSGIVING in SPRING 2016? Interested teens and/or adults should e-mail the TEENSGIVING Coordinator Josh Hyman at jhyman@92Y.org  < mailto:jhyman@92Y. org >  ( subject: TEENSGIVING)  to receive more information and to register for this fantastic event!

Teens can also contact their school’s Community Service Advisor.

TEENSGIVING is sponsored by the 92nd Street Y.

1. TEENSGIVING is an event which is held ________.

A. twice every year    B. every two years

C. once every year    D. from time to time

2. What can the teenagers do in this event?______

A. Give thanks t学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!o the adults.    B. Take good care of animals.

C. Clean the streets of New York.    D. Work for high schools and colleges.

3. An adult volunteer may get ________ for his time devoted to TEENSGIVING in SPRING 2016.

A. a T-shirt and a gift certificate

B. community service credit and a T-shirt

C. a high school certificate and a light breakfast

D. a gift certificate and community service credit

4. The writer’s purpose in writing this passage is to ________.

A. ask readers to donate their advice to TEENSGIVING in SPRING 2016

B. encourage readers to ask more questions about TEENSGIVING

C. introduce TEENSGIVING in SPRING 2016 to readers

D. inform readers of some frequently asked questions

 

B

Two young giant-panda twins born in the United States have returned home to China, but are struggling to adapt to the language and food.

The 3-year-old sisters, Mei Lun and Mei Huan, were the first surviving panda twins to be born in the United States, and were returned to China from Zoo Atlanta on Nov. 5. But the pair still understand English better than Chinese, and prefer American biscuits to Chinese bread.

A zoo-keeper said that his main concern is that the pair are so addicted to American biscuits that everything they eat—from bamboos to apples—has to be mixed with biscuits. They even want to snack on (零食) biscuits when drinking water.

The zoo-keeper is trying to wean them off their biscuit habit, gradually replacing the American food with Chinese bread. Mei Huan is adapting, but Mei Lun doesn’t want to touch the unfamiliar bread.

Mei Lun is the livelier of the two, often jumping onto the roof and hanging upside down from a rail, but her slightly younger sister Mei Huan is calmer, preferring to sit still, observe her new environment and occasionally snack on bamboo.

A language barrier is also reported. While the pair respond to their own names, and understand some English phrases such as "come here," they don’t understand the Sichuan dialect of Chinese.

The news caused some laughter on Chinese social media, with some users commenting that the pandas would soon get used to Sichuan’s famously spicy cuisine.

5. Based on the passage, which statement do you think is right?______

A. The panda twins can fit in well in Sichuan.

B. The panda twins are only fond of Sichuan food and dishes.

C. The panda twins have been used to the new environment very quickly.

D. It’s hard for the panda twins to get used to the new environment soon.

6. What does the underlined part "wean them off" in the fourth paragraph mean?______

A. help them get rid of.    B. help them form.

C. help them strengthen.    D. help them keep.

7. From the passage we learn that of the two sisters, ________.

A. Mei Huan mainly eats bamboo

B. Mei Lun is living a more active life

C. Mei Huan is not smarter than Mei Lun

D. Mei Lun is as quiet as her younger sister

 

C

The American newspaper has been around for about three hundred years. In 1721, the printer James Franklin, Benjamin’s older brother, started the New England Courant, and that was what we might recognize today as a real newspaper. He filled his paper with stories of adventure, articles on art, on famous people, and on all sorts of political subjects. Three centuries after the appearance of Franklin’s Courant, few believe that newspapers in their present printed form will remain alive for long. Newspaper companies are losing advertisers, readers, market value, and in some cases, their sense of purpose at a speed that would not have been imaginable just several years ago. The chief editor of the Times said recently, "At places where they gather, editors ask one another, ‘How are you?’, as if they have just come out of the hospital or a lost law case." An article about the newspaper appeared on the website of the Guardian, under the headline "NOT DEAD YET."

      Perhaps not, but the rise of the Internet, which has made the daily newspaper look slow and out of step with the world, has brought about a real sense of death. Some American newspapers have lost 42% of their market value in the past three years. The New York Times Compa学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!ny has seen its stock (股票)  drop by 54%  since the end of 2004, with much of the loss coming in the past year. A manager at Deutsche Bank suggested that stock - holders sell off their Times stock.

The Washington Post Company has prevented the trouble only by changing part of its business to education; its testing and test-preparation service now brings in at least half the company’s income.

8. What can we learn about the New England Courant?______

A. It is mainly about the stock market.

B. It carries articles by political leaders.

C. It marks the beginning of newspapers.

D. It remains a successful newspaper in America.

9. What can we infer about the newspaper editors?______

A. They often accept readers’ suggestions.

B. They care a lot about each other’s health.

C. They stop doing business with advertisers.

D. They face great difficulties in their business.

10. Which of the following found a new way for its development?______

A. The Washington Post.  学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯! B. The Guardian.

C. The New York Times.    D. New England Courant.

11. How does the author seem to feel about the future of newspapers?______

A. Satisfied.    B. Hopeful.    C. Surprised.    D. Worried.

D

Money is the root of all evil (邪恶) and new study claims there may be some truth behind the saying. Scientists at the University of California Berkeley, US, announced on February 27 that rich people are more likely to do immoral things, such as lie or cheat,学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯! than poorer people. The scientists did a series of eight experiments. They published their findings online in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNA《美国国家科学院院刊》).

  They carried out the first two experiments from the sidewalk near Berkeley. They noted that drivers of newer and more expensive cars were more likely to cut off other cars and pedestrians at crosswalks. Nearly 45 percent of people driving expensive cars ignored a pedestrian compared with only 30 percent of people driving more modest cars.

    In another experiment, a group of college students was asked if they would do immoral things in various everyday situations. Examples included taking printer paper from work and not telling a salesperson when he or she gave back more change. Students from higher-class families were more likely to act dishonestly.

    According to the scientists, rich people often think money can get them out of trouble. This makes them less afraid t学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!o take risks. It also means they care less about other people’s feelings.

    Finally, it just makes them greedier. “Higher wealth status seems to make you want even more, and that increased want leads you to bend the rules or break the rules to serve your self-interest,” said Paul Piff, lead scientist of the study.

    Piff pointed out that the findings don’t mean that all rich people are untrustworthy or all poor people honest. He said the experiments were to show how people living in different social situations express their instincts (本能) and values in different ways.

12. By saying “money is the root of all evil”, the author wants to ________.

A. link wealth with bad behavior

B. draw readers’ attention to the research

C. show how the saying proves the findings

D. defend rich people who do immoral things

13. According to the scientists, which is NOT the factor that makes rich people immoral?______

A. They welcome risks.

B. They have more desires.

C. They believe money talks.

D. They become more selfish.

14. Why did the scientists do the experiments?______

A. To show how social status affects people’s morality.

B. To show people’s instincts and values in different ways.

C. To test whether the saying “money is the root of all evil ”is true.

D. To show the difference between higher-class people and lower-class people.

15. What does the passage really want to show us?______

A. The poor are respectable.

B. Money is the root of all evil.

C. All rich people are untrustworthy.

D. The rich are more likely to act badly.

【答案】    

1—5CBACD            6—10 ABCDA            11—15DBAAD

 

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