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人教版新课标高中英语必修一(1)
信息来源:中学英语教师培训资源网  浏览次数:719

必修一(1)

(一)

    Fresh out of residency, I took a job in a small community hospital’s emergency department. No one wanted to work on Christmas Eve, so the shift(1) went to me. I kissed my family goodbye and went off to spend the night in the hospital. It was a thankless job.

    At 9 p.m., the ambulance brought in a man in his 60s who was having a heart attack. His face was pale, and he was frightened. I did my best and he hung in(2) there. Before I left in the morning to spend Christmas with my family, I stopped by to see how he was doing. It was still touch-and-go, but he had survived the night and was sleeping.

   The following year, I got Christmas Eve duty again. At 9 p.m., sharp, the hospital clerk told me there was a couple in the hall who wanted to speak to me. When I approached them, the man introduced himself as Mr. Lee and said, “You probably don’t remember me, but last Christmas you saved my life. Thank you for the year you gave me.” He and his wife hugged me, handed me a small gift, and left.

    The following year a new doctor had joined the group, but I wanted to see if Mr. and Mrs. Lee would return. This time I volunteered for the shift. I kept an eye on the door. Once again, at exactly 9 p.m., the Lees appeared, carry their new grandchild. Mr. Lee, his family and I spent 13 Christmas Eve together. In the later years the staff all knew about the ritual(3) and would work to give me time with him in the break room. In the small space cluttered with bulletin boards, the coffeepot, a microwave and refrigerator, we spent a half-hour each Christmas Eve.

    The last year I saw him, he brought me a gift. It was a golden bell engraved with a single word: Friendship. Mr. Lee died the next year. Now my family, my friends and I ring that bell every Christmas Eve at exactly 9 p. m. and offer a toast to the man who doesn’t forget.

注释:

(1) shift n. 轮班;值班

(2) hang in 不泄气,坚持下去

(3) ritual n. 老规矩

长难句分析:

    Before I left in the morning to spend Christmas with my family, I stopped by to see how he was doing.早晨,我准备离开去和家人一起过圣诞节之前,我顺便去看看他怎么样了。

    本句是一个复合句。Before引导时间状语从句,how引导宾语从句,作see的宾语。

1. What did the author consider a thankless job?

A. Working in an emergency department.

B. Kissing his family goodbye.

C. Being on duty at Christmas Eve.

D. Spending Christmas Eve with family.

2. When the author left the morning, Mr. Lee________.

A. was ready to leave hospital

B. recovered from his heart attack

C. was still in a state of danger

D. was angry at seeing the author

3. The author volunteered for the shift years to see________.

A. what gift Mr. Lee would bring for him

B. why the Lees spent holiday in the hospital

C. whether Mr. Lee suffered a heart attack again

D. if Mr. Lee and his wife would visit him again

4. Why does the author ring the bell at every Christmas Eve now?

A. To honor a strong-minded patient.

B. To remember one of his old friends.

C. To show the beginning of the holiday.

D. To tell kids the time for dinner.

答案:1. C  2. C   3. D   4. B

(二)

It’s a familiar feeling. Your friend has made the team for Saturday’s big game, and you take a certain pleasure in telling him you can’t be there to watch him play. You smile, but that voice in you asks, why him and not you?

Envy is a fault that we like to keep secret. It raises its ugly head when we focus on what we want but don’t possess now, or we may even wish for and take pleasure in someone losing it. Feelings of unfairness are part of being human, but when you focus on them, you can never get out of your dark emotions. And that makes you feel bad.

So is there a solution? Is there anything you can do to stop the most ungenerous emotions?  Well, why not turn envy on its head, and make it the encouragement you need for self-improvement? The best weapon against envy is not to compete where you can’t shine, but to do your absolute best where you can.

Start by making peace with yourself, and accept the gifts which make you unique. Make an agreement with yourself to be the best you can be. Then find out exactly the circumstances and qualities in others that start your envy. Is it someone’s singing voice, their work promotion or their new car? Envy shows us the things we’d like to have-so make up a plan to earn what’s important to you. Sign up for a night class. Start a training program. Give up a treat or two, and start saving for what you want.

And aim for real pleasure in the achievements and good fortune of others. Cheer on your friend when he scores that goal. Enjoy your best friend’s wedding day. Then go out and do something special, and make yourself wonderfully proud of you.

1. The first paragraph is intended to ______.

A. give examples               B. tell the main idea

C. introduce the topic            D. ask questions

2. When envy appears, we actually______.

A. ignore its existence          B. have feelings of unfairness

C. share it with friends          D. lose something of our own 

3. What is the best way to help stop envy?

A. Developing your own strengths to the full.

B. Competing for what you are not good at.

C. Forgetting about the things you can’t get.

D. Trying to get anything that makes you envy.

4. How does the author sound in the passage?

A. Subjective                   B. Objective

C. Unconcerned                 D. Worried                

答案:1. C  2. B  3. A  4. B

(三)

    We are all time travelers on a journey into the future. However, we are not tourists with guides who can tell us just what lies ahead. Instead, we are explores in an unknown area.

    In our personal lives, we often feel the unknown in our future when we start college, take a new job, or open a business. We never can be sure what will happen to us. But the great explorers of the past would advise us that we have a better chance of succeeding if we prepare ourselves as well as possible.

    Though those explorers are not here to advise us personally, we have descriptions of their expeditions(探险), and from these we can draw the lessons they would have offered for our journey into the unknown future. Reading records of great expeditions, we notice that the explorers prepared very carefully for their journeys. Their success depended on having the right equipment, the right supplies, the right teammates, and the right training at the moment of need.

    So the first lesson of the great explorers is: prepare for what you will face in the future. That may seem obvious, yet many people today see no point in preparing or even thinking about the future. “Let’s not worry about the future until we get to it,” they say. The great explorers would have no use for such a person. Only a fool would imagine that problems will sit patiently waiting until we find a way to clear up them. However, problems may rush upon us at the worst possible moment, and our very survival can depend on how well we have prepared for them.

    Good preparation can work for us today as we plan how to deal with what we have to face. The well-prepared student does well on exams; the well-prepared job hunter gets hired. Most of us may think we have learned this lesson long ago, but we often seem to forget.

1. Why were the great explorers able to succeed?

A. They had much knowledge.

B. They were extremely brave.

C. They made careful preparation.

D. They read stories about expeditions.

2. The underlined word “they” refers to those who________.

A. respect great explorers

B. like making expeditions

C. always worry about the future

D. refuse to prepare for the future

3. The author describes the fool to show that we should________.

A. avoid doing tasks with fools

B. be calm at the worst moments

C. get ready for possible problems

D. find ways for possible problems

4. Many people today are likely forget that________.

A. a business needs well-prepared workers

B. hard-working students do well on exams

C. good preparation may lead to a good future

D. it is important to learn how to face the future

答案:1. C  2. D  3. C  4. C

(四)

Fall in Love with English 爱上英语

Hiding behind the loose dusty curtain, a teenager packed up his overcoat into the suitcase. He planned to leave home at dusk though there was thunder and lightning outdoors. He had got to do this because he was tired of his parents’ nagging about his English study and did not want to go through it any longer. He couldn’t get along well with English and disliked joining in English classes because he thought his teacher ignored him on purpose. As a result, his score in each exam never added up to over 60.

    His partner was concerned about him very much. She understood exactly what he was suffering from, but entirely disagreed with his idea. In order to calm him down and settle his problem, she talked with him face to face and swapped a series of learning tips with him. The items she set down helped him find the highway to studying English well.

    The teenager was grateful and got great power from his friend’s words. Now, he has recovered from being upset and has fallen in love with English.

   

    有个少年躲在积满灰尘的松散窗帘后把大衣装入手提箱。尽管外面打雷闪电,他仍计划在黄昏时分离家出走。他不得不这样做是因为厌倦了父母对他英语学习的唠叨,不想再忍受下去了。他的英语学习总是无法取得进展,而且不喜欢参加英语课的学习,因为他以为老师有意忽视他。结果,他每次考试的分数合计从未超过60。

他的搭档关心他,也确切地理解他遭受的折磨,但却完全不同意他的想法。为了使他冷静下来好好解决问题,她和他面对面地交谈,并交换一系列的学习心得技巧。她写下来条款帮助他找到了学好英语的最佳捷径

少年心中感谢他的朋友,并从朋友的建议中获得力量。现在,他摆脱了不安,并且爱上了英语。

 

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