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人教版新课标高中英语必修二(2)
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必修二(2

(一)

    Swimming, cycling, jogging, skiing, dancing, walking or any of dozens of other activities can help your heart.     1     Whether it is a structured exercise program or just part of your daily routine, all exercise adds up to having a healthier heart. Here are some tips for exercise success.

    ·Choose activities that are fun and add variety. Develop several activities that you can enjoy.     2   

    ·Wear comfortable, properly fitted shoes and comfortable, loose-fitting clothing appropriate(1) for the weather and the activities.

·Find a convenient time and place to do activities.     3     If you miss an exercise opportunity, work activity into your day another way.

·Use music to keep yourself entertained.

·    4     Decide what kind of support your need. Do you want them to remind you to exercise? Exercise with you regularly or occasionally? Be understanding when you get up early to exercise? Spend time with children while you exercise? Try not to ask yourself to change your exercise routine? Share your activity time with others. Ask your family members, friends or co-workers for help.

•Don’t overdo it, especially at first. You can slowly increase the time and intensity(2) of your activities as you become more fit.     5   

•Keep a record of your activities. Reward yourself at times. Nothing will inspire you more than success!

A. Try to make it a habit, but be flecible.

B. They all cause you to feel warm and breathe without being out of breath.

C. Be an active role model for your children.

D. That way, exercise will never seem boring.

E. If you are overweight or have a high risk of heart disease, see your doctor for medical advice before exercising.

F. Surround yourself with supportive people.

G. Gradually, work up to exercising on most days of the week for 30~60 minutes.

注释:

(1) appropriate adj. 恰当的,合适的

(2) intensity n. 强度

答案:1. B  2. D  3. A  4. F  5. G

(二)

    Mountain climbing has been growing in popularity around the world in recent years. In the Eastern Cape climbers are treated to a variety of scenic experiences, making it one of the most various areas in which to practice the sport.

    Marianne Schwankart is a big-wall climber and the third woman ever to set foot on the summit(顶点) of the Trango Tower in Pakistan. In 2004 she became the first woman to climb the east face of the Torres del Paine. Based in Johannesburg she climb in Patagonia, South America almost annually. Schwankart described the experience as a sort of meditation(冥想). “It’s an instant thing that happens. The moment you get on to the rock, it clears your mind,” she said.

    The physical benefits of the sport are significant according to climbing-addict and Rhodes University Sociology student Christian von Platten Hallermund, who climbs with the Rhodes Mountain Club.

    “Your muscles are thoroughly worked. You just try and try and eventually you get better and stronger,” he said.

    Mountain climbing and rock climbing clubs promote activities that range from the dangerous and exciting to the social. From search and rescue training to hiking paths, the Mountain Club of South Africa tries to satisfy all people.

    “You don’t need to be a rock climber to join the Mountain Club,” said member Tertius Coetzee, a leader of expeditions(1) based in Port Elizabeth. Coetzee said that the Eastern Cape section of the Mountain Club boasts about 170 members and that most who join become life-long members.

    The Mountain Club held a training workshop for the Search and Rescue team during the weekend, October 19~20, 2013. The team is called out on occasion to assist the South Africa Police Service(SAPS) recover climbers and hikers who get lost in the wilderness(2). At the training session the team practiced rescue skills as well as how to work with helicopters in the field.

    Mountain climbing is a labor of love for Coetzee and many other climbers. “I’ve always had a need to see what’s over the next horizon,” Ceotzee said. “There’s great excitement when you get to the top.”

注释:

(1) expedition n. 探险队;远征队

(2) wilderness n. 荒野;(草木丛生的)荒地

长难句分析:

    In the Eastern Cape climbers are treated to a variety of scenic experiences, making it one of the most various areas in which to practice the sport.在东开普省,登山者能体验到各种各样的风景,这使得这个地方成为最独特的景点之一,爬山者在这里可以进行体育锻炼。

    句子中in which to practice the sport修饰the most various areas,相当于定语从句in which climbers can practice the sport;现在分词短语making it one of … practice the sport在句中作结果状语。谓语动词treat意为“款待,招待”。

1. Climbing lovers go to the Eastern Cape________.

A. to experience the benefits of meditation

B. to show off their talent in sport

C. to satisfy their own interest and hobby

D. to take part in the climbing competition

2. According to the passage, mountain climbing_______.

A. is suitable for strong men and women

B. can make a person healthier and stronger

C. can help you enjoy the social activities

D. is convenient for most of the old people

3. According to Tertius Coetzee, we can know that________.

A. a rock climber can join the Mountain Club

B. the Mountain Club provides free courses

C. climbing can make a person live happily

D. being on the top can make you excited

4. It can be inferred from the passage that________.

A. the Mountain Club has a training class on weekend

B. the club members are sometimes lost in the mountains

C. there exists danger when you do mountain climbing

D. rescue skills are important for every climbing lover

答案:1. C  2. B  3. D  4. C

(三)

People believe that climbing can do good to health. Where can you learn the skill of climbing then? If you think that you have to go to the mountains to learn how to climb, you’re wrong. Many Americans are learning to climb in city gyms(体育馆). Here,people are learning on special climbing walls. The climbing wall goes straight up and has small holding places for hands and feet.

  How do people climb the wall? To climb,you need special shoes and a harness (保护带) around your chest to hold you. There are ropes(绳索) tied to your harness. The ropes hold you in place so that you don’t fall. A beginner’s wall is usually about 15 feet high, and you climb straight up. There are small pieces of metal that stick out for you to stand on and hold on to. Sometimes it’s easy to see the next piece of metal. Sometimes, it’s not. The most difficult part is to control your fear. It’s normal for humans to be afraid of falling, so it’s difficult not to feel fear. But when you move away from the wall, the harness and the ropes hold you,and you begin to feel safe. You move slowly until you reach the top.

  Climbing attracts people because it’s good exercise for almost everyone. You use your whole body, especially your arms and legs. This sport gives your body a complete workout. When you climb,both your mind and your body can become stronger.

1. What can we infer from the passage?

A. People are fairly interested in climbing nowadays.

B. It is impossible to build up one’s body by climbing.

C. People can only learn the skill of climbing outdoors.

D. It is always easy to see holding places in climbing.

2. The most difficult thing to do in wall climbing is________.

A. to tie ropes to your harness

B. to control your fear

C. to move away from the wall

D. to climb straight up

3. The word “workout” underlined in the last paragraph most probably means________.

A. settlement       B. exercise

C. excitement             D. tiredness

4. Why does the author write this passage?

A. To tell people where to find gyms.

B. To prove the basic need for climbing.

C. To encourage people to climb mountains.

D. To introduce the sport of wall climbing.

答案:1. A  2. B  3. B  4. D

(四)

A Fair Competition 公平的比赛

Swifter, Higher and Stronger stands for the spirit of the Olympics. But fairness is the basis of this motto. Only when you win fairly will you and your homeland deserve the great glory. But nowadays, unlike the ancient honest slave competitors, some hopeless athletes who can’t bear the pain of training cheat when taking part in games. Medals seem to have magical power causing them to cheat, and the prize money has replaced the motto as their only goal.

So, in the gymnastics event to be held in our city next month, one of the host’s responsibilities is to keep competitions fair. They advertised on posters outside the stadium to promise that every competitor is to have a regular physical examination in a gymnasium one after another. No one can bargain on this. The volunteers in charge will be very strict. It is foolish to cheat because they will not be admitted to compete and will even be fined as well.

 

“更!更高!更强!”代表着奥运精神。但是公平却是这一格言基础。只有当你公平地赢得比赛,你和你的祖国才会承受这样的光荣。但如今,不像古代那些诚实的奴隶参赛者,有些没有希望的运动员无法承受训练的痛苦,于是在参加比赛时作假。奖牌似乎有某种力使他们作假,奖金也已经代替了奥运格言成为了他们唯一的目标。

因此,在我们市下个月即将举行的一场体操赛事中,主办方的其中一项责任就是要确保比赛的公平。他们在体育场外的海报做广告,承诺说每个参赛者都将在体育馆一个一个地参加常规的身体检查。对此没有人可以讨价还价负责此事的志愿者将非常严格。作假是很愚蠢的,因为他们将不被允许竞赛,甚至将被罚款

 

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