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人教版新课标高中英语必修三(3)
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必修三(3)

(一)

    For most of his life, Daniel Defoe worked as a businessman. However, when he was 60, he wrote something that was a great success. It was Robinson Crusoe, the first novel in English literature.

    Why do we say that Robinson Crusoe was the first novel in English literature? Novels are full—length invented stories. But even if the events and people in the story are invented, they are described in a way that makes them seem real. Before Robinson Crusoe, nobody in English literature had written a story like that. In Robinson Crusoe, Defoe describes Robinson’s adventures in great detail. It seems that the writer is talking to the readers. In the early 18th century, most writers wrote in a complex(1) style that was very different from the way people talked. Critics at the time didn’t like the style of Robinson Crusoe. They didn’t understand that Defoe had created something new in literature.

    Robinson Crusoe is not only an exciting story but also a great novel. It makes the readers think about important questions about life. One interesting idea in the book is about the relationships between individuals(2) and society. Robinson lives alone on an island. He is free to live in any way he wants, but he chooses to live as a civilized(3) man. Another interesting idea in the book is how people need one another in society. On the island, there is nobody to help Robinson. He has to do everything by himself. He also has to learn how to be a builder, a farmer and how to make clothes and shoes. This experience teaches Robinson how we all need the help of experts. Values are also discussed in the book. When Robinson goes back to the sunken ship, looking for things that could be useful, he picks up some gold and says, “This is no use to me.” He understands that something has value on condition that it is useful.

    Robinson Crusoe was the first novel in English literature. It was also the first best—seller. When he wrote the story, Defoe changed English literature forever.

注释:

(1) complex adj. 复杂的;难懂的;复合的

(2) individual n. 个人,个体

(3) civilized adj. 文明的;非野蛮的

长难句分析:

    But even if the events and people in the story are invented, they are described in a way that makes them seem real.但是即使故事中的事件和人物是虚构的,它们都是用一种让人们感到真实的方式进行描述。

    even if引导让步状语从句,主句中含有that引导的定语从句,修饰先行词a way。

1. From this passage, we know that Daniel Defoe_______.

A. showed his talents for writing when young

B. was the greatest novelist in English literature

C. was a merchant before he wrote Robinson Crusoe

D. wrote novels in his spare time

2. Which of the following is TRUE about Robinson Crusoe?

A. It was favoured by literary critics at that time.

B. It was based on a real story.

C. It opened a new era in English literature.

D. It was more a story than a novel.

3. Which of the following is the style of Robinson Crusoe?

A. Imaginative                  B. Lifelike

C. Autobiographical(自传的)      D. Descriptive

4. According to the passage, Robinson Crusoe talks about the questions about life EXCEPT________.

A. what is valuable in life

B. relationships between individuals and society

C. how people help each other

D. the important of living alone

5. The author intends to________ by this passage.

A. introduce to us Daniel Defoe and his Robinson Crusoe

B. persuade us to read Robinson Crusoe

C. tell us the contributions Daniel Defoe made to England

D. explain how Daniel Defoe began to write Robinson Crusoe

答案:1. C  2. C  3. B  4. D  5. A

 

(二)

What do literary greats Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and Robert Bums have in common? They both lived and wrote in Edinburgh, along with many other big names in the field of literature. This fact helped UNESCO (联合国教科文组织) award the city the tide of worlds first City of Literature on October 14.    

Edinburgh left a lasting impression on Arthur Conan Doyle (1859 1930). Although he was born there, he went to school in England but returned home for medical school. After graduating, he moved to London and began writing his Sherlock Holmes stories. His inspiration for the character came from one of his professors at university. Holmes methods were so clever that they actually furthered the advance of the study of criminology (犯罪学).

     Robert Bums (1759--1796) is still regarded as Scotlands national poet, more than 200 years after his death. He is celebrated all over the world through translations of his works and the annual Bums Night supper on his birthday. One of his songs, "My Love Is Like A Red Red Rose" ranks among the finest love songs ever written and "Auld Lang Syne" (友谊地久天长) is sung all around the world.

As one of the first literary societies in Europe, the Scottish Parliament passed the worlds first compulsory (有义务) education law in 1496. By the 1790s, almost all Scots could read. Visitors to Scotland often observed that even the lowest members of society had copies of Bums poems and other books.

1. Edinburgh was awarded the title of worlds first City of Literature because_______.

A. the first award ceremony of literature was held there

B. many literary greats like Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and Robert Bums were born there

C. it left a deep impression on many literary greats like Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

D. many literary greats like Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and Robert Bums often wrote about it

2. Arthur Conan Doyle was remembered mainly for his _______.

A. detective stories

B. love poems and songs

C. contribution to the study of criminology

D. clever writing skill

3. In the last paragraph, the writer mainly discussed _______.

A. the impression of visitors to Scotland

B. how Bums poems are popular in Scotland

C. the possible history reasons for many literary greats in Scotland

D. how the worlds first compulsory education law was made

答案:1. B  2. A  3. C

(三)

In 1977, a dead author of detective stories saved the life of a nineteen-month-old baby in a most unusual way. The author was Agatha Christie, a gentle married lady and one of the most successful writers of detective stories in the world.

  In June 1977 , a baby girl became seriously ill in Qatar (卡塔尔) , near Sandi Arabia(沙特阿拉伯) . Doctors were unable to find out the cause of her illness, so she was flown to London and sent to Hammersmith Hospital. A team of doctors hurried to examine the baby only to discover that they, too, were puzzled by the very unusual signs of illness. While they were having a discussion about the babys illness, a nurse asked to speak to them.

―Excuse me, said Nurse Marsha Maitland, ―but I think the baby is suffering from thallium poisoning(铊中毒) .

―What makes you think that? Dr. Brown asked. ―Thallium poisoning is very rare.

―A few days ago, I was reading a novel called A Pale Horse by Agatha Christie, Nurse Maitland explained. “In the book, somebody uses thallium poison, and all the signs are exactly the same as the baby’s . ”

―You are very careful and you may be right, another doctor said. ―we’ll carry out some tests and find out whether it s thallium(铊) or not.

Tests showed that the baby had indeed been poisoned by thallium. Once they knew the cause of the illness, the doctors were able to give the baby the correct treatment. She soon recovered and was sent back to Qatar. Later on it was proved that the poison might have come from an insecticide(杀虫剂) used in Qatar.

1. Who first suggested the correct cause of the babys illness?

A. A Doctor in Qatar.

B. Nurse Maitland.

C. Dr. Brown.

D. Agatha Christie.

2. Why was the baby sent to London?

A. She was a British girl whose parents were working in Qatar.

B. The hospitals in Qatar were full at that time.

C. She was the daughter of a doctor in one of the places.

D. The Qatar doctors were not sure they could cure her.

3. As far as we can tell from passage, Agatha Christie.

A. had never even met this baby.

B. had spent a long time as a police officer.

C. visited the baby in the hospital at Hammersmith.

D. gave Nurse Maitland some advice on the phone.

4. Nurse Maitland spoke to the doctors________.

A. when she heard them discussing the possibility of thallium poison

B. because she could see that the doctors had made a mistake

C. to suggest a possible reason for the patient s illness

D. after she had read about a horse which had been poisoned

5. What did the doctor think of the suggestion which Nurse Maitland made?

A. They were very quick to agree with her.

B. They were unhappy over her interruption.

C. They said that she was wrong because thallium poisoning is very rare.

D. They thought it was a possibility worth considering.

答案:1.B  2. D  3. A  4. C  5. D                           

(四)

Sailing Home 划船回家

This novel was about an unbelievable but genuine adventure. Its author was a black businessman who was brought up in America. In 1956, he visited Africa, his birthplace. One day, when he was wandering on the pavement near the bay enjoying the sea scenes, he lost his money and passport that he kept in an envelope. So he went to the embassy to seek help, but the ambassador with rude manners didn’t permit his staff to help though he bowed to him. Staring at his impatient face, he understood that it was the fault of his skin colour that accounted for their refection. So he decided to take a chance to sail on a small boat home.

He met a large amount of difficulty but was never stopped. On the contrary, difficulty pushed him to go ahead harder. Three months later, he was spotted by a ship by accident. He was in rags indeed. A maid even screamed when bringing him a steak and pineapple dessert. Aboard, he earned his passage by working as a barber and got home finally. As for the name of his novel, he couldn’t think of a better one than the phrase “Go Ahead”.

 

这部小说写的是一次令人难以置信而又真实的历险。其作者是一位在美国被抚养长大的黑人商人1956年,他回到他的出生地非洲。有一天,当他在海湾边的人行道漫步欣赏海时,他丢失了一个装着钱和护照的信封,于是向当地的大使馆寻求帮助。但是大使态度非常粗鲁,即使向他鞠躬,也不允许他的职员帮忙。盯着他那不耐烦的脸,他知道是他皮肤颜色的导致了他们的拒绝。于是,他决定冒险驾驶一只小船回家。

他遇到了许多困难,但是从未停止,相反,困难推动他更努力地前进。三个月后,当他被一艘船偶然发现时,真的是衣衫褴褛。给他端来牛排菠萝甜品的女仆甚至被吓得尖叫起来。在船上,他当一名理发师来挣取船费,最后终于回到了家。至于这部小说的名字,他再也不能想到一个比“前进”更好的短语了。

 

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