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人教版新课标高中英语必修三(4)
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必修三(4

(一)

    Most people, when they travel to space, would like to stay in orbit for a few days or more. And this stands to reason, if you’re paying $ 20,000 for your trip to orbit! So in order for tourism to reach its full potential there’s going to be a need for orbital accommodation—or space hotels. What would a space hotel actually be like? Hotels in orbit will offer the services you expect from a hotel—private rooms, meals, bars. But they’ll also offer two unique experiences: impressive views—of Earth and space—and the endless entertainment of living in zero gravity—including sports and other activities that make use of this.

    The hotels themselves will vary greatly—from being quite simple in the early days to huge luxury(1) structures at a later date. It’s actually surprising that as late as 1997, very few designs for space hotels were published. This is mainly because those who might be expected to design them haven’s expected launch costs to come down far enough to make them possible.

    Lots of people who’ve been to space have described vividly(2) what it’s like to live in zero gravity. There are obviously all sorts of possibilities for dancing, gymnastics, so you’ll have plenty of time for relaxing by hanging out in a bar with a window looking down at the turning Earth below.

    Of course all good things have come to an end, unfortunately. And so far a few days you’ll be much more expert at exercising in zero gravity than you were when you arrived. You’ll be thinking how soon you can save up enough to get back up again—or maybe you should change jobs to get to work in an orbiting hotel.

注释:

(1) luxury adj. 奢侈的,豪华的

(2) vividly adv. 生动地

长难句分析:

This is mainly because those who might be expected to design them haven’s expected launch costs to come down far enough to make them possible.这主要是因为那些有望设计太空旅馆的人,没想到太空旅行的价格会降得这么快,是太空旅行成为可能。

在本句中,because引导表语从句;who引导定语从句修饰先行词those;to make them possible为不定式作结果状语。

1. When traveling in space, most people would like to stay in orbit for a few days because________.

A. it is expensive to travel in space

B. they would find the possible life in other star systems

C. they could enjoy the luxury of space hotels

D. they want to realize the full potential of tourism

2. Which of the following is a unique experience that space hotels will offer?

A. The gravitational pull.    B. The special views.

C. The relaxation in a bar.   D. The space walk.

3. Which of the following is NOT discussed in the passage?

A. When was the space traveling made possible?

B. What are the unique experiences that space hotels will offer?

C. Why were there not many published designs for a space hotels?

D. How can the travelers enjoy themselves in space hotels?

4. This passage is mainly about________.

A. traveling in space  

B. the ways of living in space hotels

C. zero gravity and space hotels

D. the description of space hotels

答案:1. A  2. B  3. A  4. D

(二)

The oddness of life in space never quite goes away. Here are some examples.

First consider something as simple as sleep. Its position presents its own challenges. The main question is whether you want your arms inside or outside the sleeping bag. If you leave your arms out, they float free in zero gravity, often giving a sleeping astronaut the look of a funny balled (芭蕾)dancer. “I’m an inside guy,” Mike Hopkins says, who returned from a six-month tour on the International Space Station. “I like to be wrapped up.”

On the station, the ordinary becomes strange. The exercise bike for the American astronauts has no handlebars. It also has no seat. With no gravity, it’s just as easy to pedal violently. You can watch a movie while you pedal by floating a microcomputer anywhere you want. But station residents have to be careful about staying in one place too long. Without gravity to help circulate air, the carbon dioxide you exhale (呼气) has a tendency to form an invisible (隐形的)cloud around your head. You can end up with what astronauts call a carbon-dioxide headache.

Leroy Chiao, 54, an American retired astronaut after four flights, describes what happens even before you float out of your seat,”Your inner ear thinks your’re falling . Meanwhile your eyes are telling you you’re standing straight. That can be annoying—that’s why some people feel sick.” Within a couple days —truly terrible days for some —astronauts’ brains learn to ignore the panicky signals from the inner ear, and space sickness disappears.

Space travel can be so delightful but at the same time invisibly dangerous. For instance, astronauts lose bone mass. That’s why exercise is considered so vital that National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) puts it right on the workday schedule. The focus on fitness is as much about science and the future as it is about keeping any individual astronauts return home, and, more importantly, how to maintain strength and fitness for the two and a half years or more that it would take to make a round-trip to Mars.

1. What is the major challenge to astronauts when they sleep in space?

A. Deciding on a proper sleep position

B. Choosing a comfortable sleeping bag

C. Seeking a way to fall asleep quickly

D. Finding a right time to go to sleep.

2. The astronauts will suffer from a carbon-dioxide headache when _____.

A. they circle around on their bikes

B. they use microcomputers without a stop

C. they exercise in one place for a long time

D. they watch a movie while pedaling

3. Some astronauts feel sick on the station during the first few days because _____.

A. their senses stop working

B. they have to stand up straight

C. they float out of their seats unexpectedly

D. whether they are able to go back to the station

4. One of the NASA’s major concerns about astronauts is _____.

A. how much exercise they do on the station

B. how they can remain healthy for long in space

C. whether they can recover after returning home

D. whether they are able to go back to the station

答案:1. A  2. C  3. D  4. B

 

(三)

Sam and Joe were astronauts. There was once a very dangerous trip and the more experienced astronauts knew there was only a small chance of coming back alive (活着). Sam and Joe, however, thought it would be exciting though a little dangerous. “we’re the best men for the job,” they said to the boss. “There may be problems, but we can find the answers.” “They’re the last people I’d trust,” thought the boss. “But all the other astronauts have refused to go.”

Once they were in space, Joe had to go outside to make some repairs. When the repairs were done, he tried to get back inside the spaceship. But the door was locked. He knocked but there was no answer. He knocked again, louder this time, and again no answer came. Then he hit the door as hard as he could and finally a voice said, “Who’s there?” “It’s me! Who else could it be?” shouted Joe. Sam let him in all right but you can imagine that Joe never asked to go on a trip with Sam again!

1. Most of the astronauts were unwilling to go on a trip because_______.

A. there was little chance of being selected

B. they weren’t experienced enough

C. they thought they might get killed

D. it wasn’t exciting enough

2. Why were Sam and Joe chosen?

A. The boss wanted them to get more experience.

B. The boss trusted them more than anyone else.

C. They were the last people who wanted to go.

D. They were the only men who offered to go.

3. What did Sam and Joe think the trip would be like?

A. There would be serious problems.

B. There wouldn’t be any danger.

C. It would be long and tiring.

D. It would be exciting.

4. Joe didn’t want to work with Sam again probably because he thought Sam________.

A. was very slow and possibly deaf

B. didn’t know how to operate the door

C. was less experienced than he was

D. didn’t know how to do repairs

5. The writer tells this story to________.

A. show the dangerous side of the astronauts’ life

B. show the funny side of the astronauts’ life

C. make people laugh

D. make people think

答案:1. C  2. D  3. D  4. A  5. C

(四)

Explore MKII探测MKII行星

MKII, a planet billions of kilometers away, is the origin of life in many religions. Physicists have proved the theory that its gentle climate and the pull of its gravity are similar to the earth’s. And astronomers have found that oxygen atoms and carbon dioxide, which are fundamental to life, exist in its atmosphere through satellites. Cheered up by this news, biologists, in their turn, began to do some research to remove people’s puzzles—Now that there are some suitable conditions, does life really exist on this globe? Do they multiply by laying eggs or giving birth to babies?

Last month, a spaceship was sent there. It’s a pity that this mission failed. Unlike the earth, MKII is a much younger planet. Thus, masses of harmful acid clouds float everywhere causing violent chain reactions to break out. These clouds not only blocked out the pilots’ sight but also damaged the engine system. Luckily, the pilots watched out carefully and prevented the spaceship from crashing in time.

MK二号是一颗几十亿公里外的行星,它在许多宗教里都是生命起源的地方。物理学家已经证明了它温和的气候重力牵引都和地球相似的理论天文学家也通过卫星,在它的大气层里发现了氧原子二氧化碳的存在,这些都是对生命来说,都是基本的。受到这一消息的鼓舞生物学家们接着开始了研究以解开人们的迷惑——既然有了适合的条件,生命真的存在于这个星球吗?他们是通过下蛋,还是仔来繁殖后代的呢?

上个月,一艘太空飞船被派到了那儿。可惜的是,这次任务失败了。不像地球,MK二号是一颗年轻得多的行星。因此,大大团的有害酸云到处漂浮,引起猛烈的连锁反应爆发。这些云团不仅阻挡了飞行员的视线,而且还损坏了发动机系统。幸运的是,飞行员小心注意,才及时阻止了飞船的坠毁

 

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